Meanwhile, an unidentified judge on the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals requested that the court's 25 full-time judges vote on whether the temporary block of the president's travel ban should be reheard before an 11-judge panel, known as an en banc review, according to a court order. "We had lost tax revenue".
Mr Trump tweeted a sharp "SEE YOU IN COURT" following the decision - but which court?
The order is on hold for now while federal courts consider the matter.
He said his directive was "done for the security of our nation, the security of our citizens".
Trump signed the order January 27 to bar entry of visa holders from seven Muslim-majority countries - Yemen, Sudan, Libya, Iran, Iraq, Syria and Somalia - for 90 days, pending additional security checks.
His administration has 14 days to file a petition for reconsideration of Thursday's ruling, either by the same panel or "en banc" - meaning by every judge on the court.
If the Supreme Court did not take up the case or took it and was split in its ruling, the decision of the 9th Circuit Court would stand.
Wittes, a senior fellow in governance studies at the Brookings Institution think tank, dismissed a large chunk of the 9th Circuit's opinion as "moral throat clearing and virtue signaling" that's fun to read but ultimately not what the case is about. Washington's lawyer, state Solicitor General Noah Purcell, wrote to the Seattle court's clerk late Thursday to note the state wouldn't be making an expected court filing because of the new appellate briefing schedule.
Eventually, Flentje capitulated and said a United States citizen with a connection to someone seeking entry might be able to challenge the executive order if that were the case.
Pittsburgh-area students rally against confirmation of Education Secretary DeVos
DeVos is a proponent of school vouchers and charter schools. "Public schools are the backbone of our society", Stephens said. Public schools in Texas are better than they have ever been, and Betsy Devos won't stop the progress that we are making.
Demonstrators urged the Prime Minister to withdraw her controversial invitation of a state visit to Trump and denounced his travel ban as "racist".
Civil rights campaigners and state officials applauded the decision, vowing to fight on until the executive order is permanently scrapped.
Judge Friedland fired back: "Are you arguing then that the President's decision in that regard is unreviewable (by a court)?"
The court fired back: "At this point, however, we can not rely upon the Government's contention that the Executive Order no longer applies to lawful permanent residents", the judges wrote.
After hearing oral arguments from the Department of Justice and the Washington State Attorney General's office, the Ninth Circuit unanimously ruled to keep intact a temporary restraining order issued by Federal District Court Judge James Robart of Seattle. The administration also could change the order, including changing its scope or duration.
"We need strong programs so that people that love us and want to love our country, and will end up loving our country, are allowed in, not people that want to destroy us and destroy our country", he said.
The states have argued that the executive order unconstitutionally blocked entry based on religion and the travel ban harmed individuals, businesses and universities.
Meanwhile, at the joint news conference with Abe, Trump praised the alliance between the United States and Japan as a cornerstone of regional peace and stability, edging away from campaign pledges to force Tokyo to pay more for the USA security umbrella. "The precedents are there, they've weighed the issues, and even Clifton signed it".