And one of the president's responsibilities is to nominate individuals to the U.S. Supreme Court.
Majority Leader Mitch McConnell immediately praised Gorsuch, saying he "has an impressive background and a long record of faithfully applying the law and the Constitution". However, once Obama made his nomination official, a number of Republicans made it clear they would not allow Obama a final Supreme Court justice before leaving office.
Born in Colorado, Gorsuch attended Columbia University, Harvard Law School, and Oxford University for his doctorate.
"Today I am keeping another promise to the American people by nominating judge Neil Gorsuch...to the United States Supreme Court".
Though House lawmakers do not have a say in the confirmation hearings, Pelosi's clearly researched barbs against Gorsuch's record offers a potential preview of Democratic lines of attack as the Colorado federal jurist goes through Senate review.
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We were just reminded again of the crucial role of federal judges when five courts stepped in to protect some caught in the dragnet of Trump's executive order on immigration and refugees.
"The people of OH deserve Supreme Court Justices who will defend the rights of working families over Wall Street and corporate special interests - and Judge Gorsuch's record doesn't pass that test", said a statement from Brown.
Legally he's considered an Originalist - meaning that he interprets the Constitution from the point of view of those who drafted it, not modern interpretations, resulting in mostly conservative outcomes. The thought of a U.S. Supreme Court influenced by the liberal beliefs of Hillary Clinton was enough to turn many with a strict and respectful view of the U.S. Constitution toward Trump.
The court has been operating with eight justices since the sudden death last February of Justice Antonin Scalia. In Hobby Lobby Stores Inc. v. Sebelius, Judge Gorsuch ruled against the Affordable Care Act's contraceptive mandate, which requires private employers to provide employees with insurance to cover contraceptive costs. The president's nominee, Neil Gorsuch, has been likened to the late justice by several media outlets. While some reports this week suggested some Democrats would filibuster any Trump pick, party leaders have also indicated they would subject the nominee to close scrutiny instead. On many key economic and social issues, the current Supreme Court now has a 4-4 divide between liberal-leaning and conservative-leaning justices.
Gorsuch hails from Colorado, a key swing state that President Trump nearly won in the election.